Utah Department of Transportation
Corridor Planning Process
This case study illustrates how Utah Department of Transportation re–envisioned their corridor planning process using the principles and tools from the PlanWorks Decision Guide. The PlanWorks Corridor Planning phase can help other agencies interested in a similar change to their process to increase collaboration.
UDOT's two–phase corridor planning process, based in part on the PlanWorks Decision Guide, screens corridors to move forward into a detailed planning phase. Highlights of the process include:
- Identifying key stakeholders and partners early in the screening phase,
- Focusing on high level goals for the context of the corridor before crafting detailed project plans, and
- Incorporating planning and environment linkages to streamline the NEPA process.
The Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) developed a two–phase corridor planning process in order to streamline the project development process and ensure that programmed projects support corridor visions, and state infrastructure goals and strategies.
The two–phase process includes a visioning phase, in which UDOT develops context–appropriate transportation goals. In this phase, UDOT identifies high priority corridors which are critical to support the state transportation network. Corridor plans then move into the second phase, where UDOT develops detailed solutions after further study and consideration. UDOT then considers components of the solution for inclusion in the Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP).
UDOT used the PlanWorks Decision Guide as a model to develop the new process. As a result, each step includes recommendations for coordination with key partners and stakeholders. The process also includes Planning and Environment Linkages considerations, partially developed from the PlanWorks Application to streamline the NEPA process.
UDOT sought a new method for linking project development with the planning process to better align local goals and needs to final solutions. The agency had conducted major planning efforts at the State level, which were not always well linked to the contextual nature of the local area. UDOT began to consider a new way of planning that would include local and regional planning departments and foster a holistic style of transportation planning, which would focus more on local context and environment linkages.
In 2018, the Utah Legislature passed Senate Bill 136, which restructured UDOT and the Utah Transit Agency, created new revenue sources for transit investment, required UDOT to develop statewide strategic transportation initiatives, and directed the Transportation Commission to update its capacity project prioritization process and model to reflect land use and economic outcomes.   The legislation provided funding for UDOT to hire regional planning managers, one for each of its regional offices, who would lead local planning efforts, in coordination with UDOT's central planning office. UDOT's systematic process for corridor planning dovetailed with the changes in legislation.
- COR–1: Approve Scope. Although not formally approved until Phase 2 Step 6, UDOT primarily develops the scope of the corridor plan in Phase 1, Steps 3 and 5.
- COR–2: Approve Problem Statements and Opportunities. UDOT develops high–level needs for the corridor in Phase 1, Step 4. UDOT develops detailed problems and opportunities in Phase 2 Step 8.
- COR–3: Approve Goals. High–level goals for the corridor during scoping; Phase 1 Step 4.
- COR–5: Approve Evaluation Criteria, Methods and Measures. UDOT develops evaluation criteria after goals and needs are determined in Step 9.
- COR–6: Approve Range of Solution Sets. In Step 10 UDOT and partners approve a list of alternatives for evaluation.
- COR–7: Adopt Preferred Solution Set. In Steps 11 and 12, UDOT evaluates alternatives and documents strategies to move forward.
- COR–9: Adopt Priorities for Implementation. An implementation strategy is developed in Step 13; which includes phasing options and prioritization of selected projects. UDOT moves projects to the STIP based on this prioritization.
PlanWorks as Starting Point
UDOT's Planning team used the PlanWorks Decision Guide as a starting point in developing the Department's new corridor planning process. Internal UDOT groups (including environmental, project delivery, and data/GIS) and representative staff from each of UDOT's four region offices provided input on required data, key steps, and other important considerations specific to their subject areas and the needs of the UDOT regions. UDOT refers to the new corridor planning process as instrumental in "delivering the right project at the right time for the right reason."
The corridor planning process in Utah follows many of the key decisions outlined in the PlanWorks Decision Guide, and incorporates other elements from the resource, including Questions to Consider and the Planning and Environment Linkages (PEL) Application.
Phases of the Corridor Planning Process
UDOT's corridor planning process is divided into two phases. The first is a visioning process that helps UDOT understand the corridor's overall context and needs, and the second phase is for the agency to develop solutions and specific projects for potential inclusion in the STIP. The visioning component is critical for staff to identify the goals for the corridor that will best address the community, natural, economic, risk and resiliency, transportation and health needs of the area. From these goals, objectives and performance measures (PMs) are carried through to Phase 2 to ensure solutions address the documented needs of the area.
Phase One: Visioning
UDOT region planners will use Phase 1 to conduct a high–level assessment for each corridor to understand the contextual nature of the corridor, high level needs and goals, and to determine next steps. (Figure 1).
In this phase, planners will:
- Identify internal interested parties,
- Gather a corridor history (including plans, studies, etc.) and determine relevant stakeholders,
- Define the corridor context using the contextual lenses of transportation, community, natural, economic, risk and resilience, and health,
- Define corridor goals, objectives and PMs; and
- Develop a planning–level corridor master, or implementation, plan.
The corridor master plan at this phase does not include specific projects. Instead it serves as a high–level plan with context–specific goals for the corridor. These context–specific goals, objectives and PMs, developed by staff with consultation of key stakeholders, are used to evaluate potential solutions in Phase 2, or other planning process.
Figure 1. Phase 1 Steps in UDOT Corridor Planning Process 
Phase Two: Defining Solutions
Phase 1 steps are considered flexible enough to fit a given situation, yet consistent enough to be relied upon in subsequent phases of project development. Ideally, after developing the high–level corridor master plan, UDOT can move to Phase 2 of the planning process. In this phase, UDOT regions, internal and external stakeholders and partners develop a detailed corridor solution, culminating in a list of improvements for Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) inclusion, if appropriate. (Figure 2).
- Define and approve the scope for the corridor;
- Gather additional contextual data (including environmental data);
- Define problems, needs, and opportunities;
- Develop evaluation criteria;
- Identify strategies;
- Evaluate strategies;
- Document strategies to move forward;
- Develop network business plan; and
- Create a prioritized list of projects to submit to the STIP.
- The activities in this phase must build on the findings from Phase 1. Staff consider environmental risks throughout the process in order to avoid potential rework or issues in the project development phase.
Figure 2. Phase 2 Steps of the UDOT Corridor Planning Process.
Planning and Environment Linkages (PEL) is a collaborative transportation decision making approach that has been supported by federal legislations since SAFETEA–LU. PEL permits the use of information, analysis, and products developed during long range planning to inform the environmental review process. Under the FAST Act, agencies can use PEL to more directly connect planning products, analyses, and decisions to the NEPA process., 
UDOT designed the new corridor planning process to improve the connection between the long–range planning process and project implementation. The long–range planning process is very good at establishing transportation system needs. The corridor planning process is designed to develop a solution for the established need. Solutions will likely contain a number of distinct, but interrelated, components. Thinking about the planning process in terms of needs and solutions helps ensure the process is comprehensive, and that UDOT develops the right solution, at the right time, for the right reason. Linking the planning and project development processes streamlines the overall process. As part of these efforts, the agency integrated Planning Environment Linkages (PEL) into the corridor planning process. While the approach is designed to allow flexibility for planners to study the unique needs of each corridor and its context, following a consistent process helps UDOT and its partners anticipate each planning step and find efficiencies in reviewing plans.
Planning and Environment Linkages
FHWA has assigned NEPA responsibility to UDOT. By taking on the responsibility of approving NEPA documentation, UDOT has a strong interest in ensuring all environmental review is thorough and meets Federal requirements. By including PEL considerations at key steps throughout the corridor planning process, UDOT can increase its efficiency by ensuring the products of the planning process can be used in the NEPA process and do not have to be redone (Figure 3). Using PEL guidelines in the planning process adds rigor by focusing attention on documentation of decisions, and the nature and degree to which the public and other stakeholders are engaged.
Figure 3. PEL considerations throughout UDOT's corridor planning process 
Planning Guide and GIS Story Maps
UDOT's corridor planning system guide is documented online in an interactive website, which helps improve the transparency of UDOT's processes, expands access, and allows the agency to make quick content updates when needed. UDOT is also working to improve data storage and access related to specific corridor plans.
At the time of this case study, UDOT plans to organize corridor plan results around the use of ArcGIS Story Maps. The story maps will contain the narrative of the corridor planning results, contextual understanding, corridor performance outcomes with live links to structured and un–structured data sets.  This helps preserve all relevant information on projects at all phases, which can be lost as projects advance from one stage to the next.
Internal Stakeholder Collaboration
UDOT's corridor planning process was developed with collaboration as an integral component of the process. Because of the need to standardize the corridor planning process, it was critical that all UDOT functional areas had buy–in. While the development of the corridor planning process was championed by the Central Planning Division, it was driven out of request from UDOT Regions to better integrate and streamline the planning and project delivery processes.
- Involving key internal and external stakeholders early in the planning process creates buy–in, efficiencies in gathering data, assessing process risks and delivering the right solutions at the right time, for the right reasons.
- UDOT includes PEL considerations throughout planning and project development activities, which can streamline the project delivery process.
- Corridor visioning done with stakeholders is critical to developing the right solutions rather than starting with an outcome in mind. The visioning process does not include a discussion of solutions. The development of broad contextual goals, objectives and performance measures helps ensure that the analyses of alternatives is rigorous, unbiased and reflects the stakeholder wishes.
For More Information
 UDOT Corridor Planning Process website. Available at: http://gis.bio-west.com/corridorplanning
 FHWA Environmental Review Toolkit website. Available at: https://www.environment.fhwa.dot.gov/env_initiatives/PEL.aspx
 FHWA Planning and Environment Linkages — Questions and Answers. Available at: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/hep/guidance/pel/pelfaq16nov.cfm#q1
 UDOT Corridor Planning Process website. Available at: http://gis.bio-west.com/corridorplanning/